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Edouard Manet

Born: Paris, 23 January 1832
Died: Paris, 30 April 1883
Nationality: French



with Thomas Couture (1850-56)


1859 – Paris Salon committee refuses Absinthe Drinker

1861 – exhibits Spanish Singer (1860, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) and M and Mme Manet (1860, Musée d’Orsay, Paris) at Salon; regularly submits paintings to the Salon throughout his career, though they are often rejected

1862 – founder-member of the Société des Aquafortistes (Society of Etchers)

1863 – Salon committee refuses three paintings, including Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe; exhibits instead at Salon des refuses

1865 – exhibits Olympia at the Salon; scandal ensues

1867 –excluded from Exposition universelle (Paris); organizes independent exhibition nearby and issues pamphlet Tableaux de M. Edouard Manet

1875 – illustrates Stéphane Mallarmé’s translation of Edgar Allan Poe’s The Raven

1881 – wins second-class medal at Salon, thereby exempted from jury in future submissions; awarded Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur

1882 – exhibits Bar at the Folies-Bergere at Salon


Belgium, Holland, Germany, Austria, Italy (1856); Florence (1857); Netherlands (1872); Venice (1875)


Berthe Morisot and Eva Gonzalès

Important Artworks: 

Absinthe Drinker, 1859 (Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek, Copenhagen)

The Execution of Emperor Maxmilian, 1867 (final sketch, Ny Carlsburg Glyptothek)

Bar at the Folies-Bergère, 1882 (Courtauld Institute, London)

Boating, 1874 (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)

Web Resources

Metmuseum: Manet

smarthistory: Manet, Olympia

smarthistory: Manet, The Railway