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Constantin Meunier

Born: Etterbeek (Brussels), 12 April 1831
Died: Ixelles (Brussels), 4 April 1905
Nationality: Belgian

with sculptor Louis Jehotte at Académie des Beaux-Arts, Brussels; with sculptor Charles-Auguste Fraikin; with painters François-Joseph Navez, and Charles De Groux


1860s – exhibits at Brussels Salon

1868 – founds Société Libre des Beaux-Arts (Free Society of Fine Arts) in Brussels with Louis Dubois and Félicien Rops

1880 – exhibits paintings of industrial subjects in Ghent and at Paris Salon

1885 – exhibits sculptures at Les XX (Brussels)

1886 – exhibits The Hammerer at Paris Salon

1887 – appointed Professor of Painting at art academy in Leuven

1894 – returns to Brussels

1896 – resigns from Leuven Academy; retrospective exhibition at Siegfried Bing’s Galerie Art Nouveau (Paris)

1898 – exhibits at Vienna Secession

1899 – becomes member of Académie Royale de Belgique

1903 – receives commission from the Zola Committee for the figure group Fecundity


Spain (1882-23); Dresden, Berlin (1897)

Commissions from: 

Belgian government; Zola Committee

Important Artworks: 

Monument to Labor, 1896 (bronze relief, Musée d‘Orsay, Paris)