Niépce, Isidore. Nicéphore Niépce: sa vie, ses essais, ses travaux. Paris : J.M. Place, 1987 (in French)
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
Died: St-Loup-de-Varennes, 5 July 1833
wealthy banking family
1792 - enlists in Revolutionary Army
1794 - resigns from army, moves to Nice
1797 - with brother Claude begins experiments to develop internal combustion engine (pyreolophore)
1807 - Pyreolophore patented. Engine successfully powers boat traveling upstream.
1816 - begins experimenting with ways of fixing projected images on the back of a camera obscura.
1818 - achieves a semi-permanent images (3 months)
1822 - develops technique for reproducing drawings on glass plates coated with Judea bitumen; experiments with lithographic stones.
1826 - creates photographic image on a tin plate
1828 - creates image on silver plate by exposing latent image to iodine vapor
1829 - creates partnership with Louis Daguerre, a camera and lens specialist
1832 - with Daguerre creates photographic image in less than 8 hours exposure time using a lavender oil solution as the photosensitive agent (called process physautotype)